The Scientific Method: In a post of between 150 and 250 words, respond to the following discussion: Consider the material in the Topic 2 Lesson Presentation, along with the sections from your text entitled “Conducting Research” (pp. 25 – 36). First, briefly discuss the purpose of sociological research. Now, develop your own hypothesis about some aspect of sociology. What is your independent variable? What is your dependent variable? Which method of collecting data would work best for testing your theory? How would you go about testing your hypothesis in a scientific and ethical way?
The scientific research process contains seven steps:
- Define the problem
- Review the literature
- Formulate a testable hypothesis
- Select a research design
- Collect the data
- Analyze the data
- Develop the conclusion, including ideas for further research
The four major types of research designs include: conducting surveys, observation, experimentation, and use of existing sources.
The Code of Ethics of the American Sociological Association (ASA) calls for objectivity and integrity in research, confidentiality, and disclosure of all sources of financial support.