short answer ques about american architecture 1

short response (20-50 words depends on the ques) to 30 American architecture questions.

here are the ques:

-the Amer Radiator Bldg and Chicago Tribune Bldg: both built same decade, both are tall office bldgs. What else do they have in common, and how do they differ? Focus on the significant pts of comparison.

-who was Gustav Stickley, and why was he important? What was his major contribution to the development of American architecture?

-the Arts & Crafts movement: what was it, & why was it important? what did Frank Lloyd Wright learn from it? How was he influenced by it?

-in what ways was American architecture in the late 19th/early 20th c. influenced by the Japanese?

-how did that Japanese influence compare to the influence a decade or so later of the Art Déco emanating from Paris in the mid-1920s?

-how did the Art Déco, derived from the Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes, differ from the Beaux-Arts influence, also from Paris?

-why was the Chicago Tribune competition in 1922 significant?

-why was the 1925 Paris Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes important? What

effect did it have on American architecture?

-what was the main concept of Wright’s Broadacre City? What was his main idea?

-how does it compare to later (post-war) suburban developments? What fundamental notions do they have in common; how do they differ?

-what was the Prairie House, and how did it get its name? what were its main characteristics?

-how does the Usonian house of the 1930s compare to the Prairie house of the 1900s?

-What do the Robie House and Falling Water have in common? -what are some of their principal differences?

-how was European Modernism (or the “International Style”) introduced into the U.S.?

-where do Richard Neutra and Schindler fit into the narrative here?

-why did Miesian Modernism (European Modernism, or the “International Style”) hold such appeal for large

corporate clients in the postwar period?

-why were regional shopping centers so popular in the postwar era (a popularity that continues today)?

-what was or is the regional shopping center? How would you describe it? How would you account for its sudden appearance in the postwar years? (repit: How does the building look, and why does it look that way?)

-what provoked or triggered the boom in church building in the postwar years?

-what were the advantages of working in thin shell concrete vs the Miesian approach of simplified, rationalized

structure? The disadvantages?

-What is a Case Study House?

-What was the appeal of Case Study Houses?

-how does the Case Study House differ from a bungalow (and more specifically, the “California” bungalow)?

-more specifically, compare the Gamble House of Greene & Greenein Pasadena to the Eames House in the Pacific Palisades: their commonalities? Differences?

-what’s a bungalow? What’s the California bungalow?

-what were some of the advantages of the War especially to the building industry?

-what were the disadvantages, especially to architects?

-who was JohnEntenza, and why was he important?

-why would it be unlikely to find a Drive-In restaurant that was built in 1943?

-what were some of the postwar social/economic/cultural conditions fostering the developmnt of the Drive-In?

-Why was California particularly receptive to new ideas such as the Arts & Crafts and Japanese influence?

-what were some of the principal differences between the pre- and postwar skyscraper/tall office bldg?

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