short response (20-50 words depends on the ques) to 30 American architecture questions.
here are the ques:
-the Amer Radiator Bldg and Chicago Tribune Bldg: both built same decade, both are tall office bldgs. What else do they have in common, and how do they differ? Focus on the significant pts of comparison.
-who was Gustav Stickley, and why was he important? What was his major contribution to the development of American architecture?
-the Arts & Crafts movement: what was it, & why was it important? what did Frank Lloyd Wright learn from it? How was he influenced by it?
-in what ways was American architecture in the late 19th/early 20th c. influenced by the Japanese?
-how did that Japanese influence compare to the influence a decade or so later of the Art Déco emanating from Paris in the mid-1920s?
-how did the Art Déco, derived from the Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes, differ from the Beaux-Arts influence, also from Paris?
-why was the Chicago Tribune competition in 1922 significant?
-why was the 1925 Paris Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes important? What
effect did it have on American architecture?
-what was the main concept of Wright’s Broadacre City? What was his main idea?
-how does it compare to later (post-war) suburban developments? What fundamental notions do they have in common; how do they differ?
-what was the Prairie House, and how did it get its name? what were its main characteristics?
-how does the Usonian house of the 1930s compare to the Prairie house of the 1900s?
-What do the Robie House and Falling Water have in common? -what are some of their principal differences?
-how was European Modernism (or the “International Style”) introduced into the U.S.?
-where do Richard Neutra and Schindler fit into the narrative here?
-why did Miesian Modernism (European Modernism, or the “International Style”) hold such appeal for large
corporate clients in the postwar period?
-why were regional shopping centers so popular in the postwar era (a popularity that continues today)?
-what was or is the regional shopping center? How would you describe it? How would you account for its sudden appearance in the postwar years? (repit: How does the building look, and why does it look that way?)
-what provoked or triggered the boom in church building in the postwar years?
-what were the advantages of working in thin shell concrete vs the Miesian approach of simplified, rationalized
structure? The disadvantages?
-What is a Case Study House?
-What was the appeal of Case Study Houses?
-how does the Case Study House differ from a bungalow (and more specifically, the “California” bungalow)?
-more specifically, compare the Gamble House of Greene & Greenein Pasadena to the Eames House in the Pacific Palisades: their commonalities? Differences?
-what’s a bungalow? What’s the California bungalow?
-what were some of the advantages of the War especially to the building industry?
-what were the disadvantages, especially to architects?
-who was JohnEntenza, and why was he important?
-why would it be unlikely to find a Drive-In restaurant that was built in 1943?
-what were some of the postwar social/economic/cultural conditions fostering the developmnt of the Drive-In?
-Why was California particularly receptive to new ideas such as the Arts & Crafts and Japanese influence?
-what were some of the principal differences between the pre- and postwar skyscraper/tall office bldg?