The psychology of health and illness: An open access course.

  • Read pages 83 – 91

Koenig, A. M. (2018). Comparing prescriptive and descriptive gender stereotypes about children, adults, and the elderly. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 1086. Retrieved from or download the pdf.

Goldhammer, H., Malina, S. & Keurogblian, A. S. (2018). Communicating with patients who have nonbinary gender identities. Annals of Family Medicine,16(6), 559-562. Retrieved from or download the pdf.

Video Resources

Johnson, P. (2013, December). His and hers…health care [Video file]. TED. Retrieved from

Part 1

Think about the gender conditioning and the social norms of the culture in Grenada west indies during your formative years. Consider the influence of gender conditioning on your health beliefs, health-related behaviors, and help-seeking behaviors.  Explain how gender conditioning and social norms you experienced during your formative years affected your health-related beliefs and behaviors both then and now. Compare this with the ideas in the readings and discuss whether your health beliefs and behaviors tend toward the gender norms or whether your health beliefs and behaviors tend to be one of the many exceptions.

End your discussion post with a question related to this unit for further discussion.

Your Discussion should be at least 250 words in length, but not more than 750 words. Use APA citations and references for the textbook and any other sources used.

part 2

The textbook and video highlighted differences in illness and symptoms for males and females. There are also differences in health outcomes, with females on average living longer than males. Describe at least 3-4 of the potential explanations for these differences. The textbook lists several examples on pages 86-90. Make sure to use your own words to share these ideas and include APA citations. Example: (Ogden, 2017). Which potential explanation is the most likely to account for differences in longevity between females and males and why?This paper should be supported by the textbook and at least one other article, video, or website. The Written Assignment should be 2-3 double spaced pages in length, not including title or reference pages. (No abstract is needed.) Make sure your assignment is APA format with double-spacing, Times New Roman, 12-point font, and 1” margins. Include citations and a list of references in APA format. Edit for spelling and grammar errors. You can get assistance with APA formatting at: will be assessed using the following criteria:

  • Student described at least 3 different potential explanations for differences between male and female health
  • Student used their own words to explain the ideas used in their paper
  • Student used the textbook to support the ideas in their paper
  • Student included at least one other source (article, book, website) to support their paper
  • Student used in text citations appropriately Example: (author, year) (Ogden, 2017) These are found within the paper to give credit for ideas to the author.
  • Paper is 2-3 pages in length, not including the title and reference pages
  • All references cited in APA format, with a source list
  • Paper professionally written without spelling or grammar errors

part 3

As you reflect on the ideas presented this week, how do you think that common gender stereotypes could negatively affect patients in health care settings? In psychology, it is assumed that everyone has some biases. Consider your own biases and whether they could potentially affect your treatment of others. What strategies could be used to counteract these biases? Include hypothetical examples and/or personal examples if applicable.

The Learning Journal entry should be a minimum of 400 words and not more than 750 words. Use APA citations and references if you use ideas from the readings or other sources.

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