After your statistical analysis is complete, your results need to be incorporated into the Results section of your dissertation or journal article. The American Psychology Association (APA) has a format to report common statistical results. Because researchers have the most intimate knowledge about their data and study results, they are required to provide interpretation of the study findings in the Discussion section of the dissertation or journal article. The interpretation of the results should be appropriate and complete without misleading readers. It should reflect the data limitations and knowledge limitations. Refer to the guidelines presented in the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) statement in this week’s Learning Resources, as they reflect the expectation of quality of reporting for observational studies.
For this Discussion, use the scenarios provided.
Scenario 1: A sample of 5,000 swimmers and 5,000 runners were screened for cardiovascular disease (CVD). The study found that the rate of CVD is 33.3% in swimmers and 30.9% in runners, with the p-value of <0.05. A public campaign is recommended to promote running instead of swimming activities.
Post Based upon the scenario. Explain if the recommendations are overstated or understated based on the results described in the scenario and explain why. Finally, suggest two strategies for addressing and correcting those errors. Support your response