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Imagine going to work, and someone takes whatever they want, because there will be no consequences?  Even though are world, and the people in it are not perfect. We cannot depend on everyone to do the right thing, and never break a law.  Law enforcement agencies have the mandate of promoting safety amongst the citizens of a given country, and to achieve the same it is important to provide the necessary equipment and facilities to them.

Law Enforcement agency is a government agency to enforce the laws, maintain safety, and maintain order. In the United States there are well over 17,000 Law Enforcement agencies ranging from Small, Medium, Large, Local and State Law enforcement agencies, are in charge of policing districts, provinces, states, tribal terrains and uncommon locales. These agencies can have as few as one officer to upwards of 30,000 or more full-time personnel. Community policing has proved to be very effective, and therefore a strategic community development plan is crucial in law enforcement.

  According to the IACP (n.d.), “A public affirmation of adhering to an Oath of Honor is a powerful vehicle demonstrating ethical standards” (par.1). To be effective at improving trustworthiness inside of an organizations leaders need to ensure the oath is frequently displayed throughout the organization, as well as ensuring ethical mentoring and role modeling are consistent, frequent and visible.

  Having officers take an oath will reconfirm the significance of integrity within the agency, and help bring the entire profession together to show that the vast majority of law enforcement. Officers not only are good, decent individuals, but also will step forward to stop unethical acts by any members of our profession.

Code of Conduct and Effective Leadership

A code of conduct refers to a set of defined principles of morality that guide a particular individual or organization’s general behavior. It reflects the manner in which individuals should conduct themselves and how they can relate to the others. With regard to a police department, it can determine the way the officers carry themselves along. Additionally, it could outline the overall responsibility of the police department towards the general public. Code of conduct forms an important aspect within the police fraternity as it provides a foundation through which the employees can relate with each other. The police officers have a moral responsibility to ensure that they abide by the ethical standards outlined in the constitution. The goal of having policies within the police department that guide the behavior of the employees is to ensure that they work within an environment that is accommodative and promotes good relations (Singhapakdi et al., 1995). The paper would focus on the formulation of a code of conduct and how it can promote effective leadership and integrity in law enforcement officers. The paper would focus on the implementation of the code of conduct regarding professionalism at the work place.

Code of conduct regarding professional behavior requires that the employees uphold the highest standards with regard to professional behavior. It calls for the need of officers to maintain responsibility at the work place. Professional behavior is of significant importance when it comes to the police department. It is a reflection of the need to uphold the constitution and all the laws stipulated in it. It is imperative that the officers be aware of the code to improve on the working relations of all the officers. Issues of failure to adhere to the work ethics have been violated that have impaired effective operations within the work environment. Incidences that can be avoided in the police department when it comes to the adherence to work ethics are avoidance of disrespect amongst the officers. Additionally, it is vital that the officers are well aware of the constitution so that there is no breach. Professionalism at the work place must be held with high regard. Officers who adhere to the same have a potential of becoming leaders. It is because it would enhance integrity at the work place. It calls for the need to be aware of the ethical issues concerning professionalism. Police officers would be well equipped when executing their duties thereby protecting the citizens.

Community Development Plan

A Community Development Plan is an effective way that prepares police officers for the challenges that are faced as a result of criminal activities. It is vital that the police fraternity invoke the help of the community members. It would be a good way of responding to the ill vices resulting from the criminal activities. There is much evidence relating the involvement of the community in tackling crimes through the help of the community members. An effective community development plan with regard to policing prepares the law enforcement agencies in enhancing the safety of innocent people. Officers can engage in different activities in the community as a way of promoting cohesion between the police officers and the general public. Through different interaction programs, the police would be able to engage the society and in return be able to work in close relation with them.

Community policing is a measure that would help in building good ties with the members in the society. Necessary measures must be put in place to uphold good relations with the community. It would promote openness where the members of a community can communicate issues to the police regarding any factor of crime. Additionally, the law enforcement agencies would be able to get any information as pertaining to potential criminal attack in a given community. At the end, appropriate measures can be initiated to stop the occurrence of the attack before it is executed. Additionally, community development plan with regard to policing can come in handy when building a good partnership with the overall community. This would be an effective way of enhancing the safety of the public in accordance with crime.

The future of effective community policing relies on a good strategic plan that is in alignment with the dynamic changes of crime. A Community Development Plan revolves around involving citizens in coming up with a strategy that would ensure that the law enforcement programs work out. The plan should entail such strategies as formation of community partnerships, solving-problems concerning crime, and the organizational transformation. Future policing methods that are introduced must be those that are well adapted to adjust to changes in crime. Criminals have been trickier in the manner in which they execute their activities. There are multiple measures that can be introduced in community policing to improve on security. Future strategies that can be used include the use of educational programs in schools, surveys at people’s houses from door-to door, and awareness through social functions.

Educating the members of the public in community policing is an important way of ensuring security. Children need to be taught on the probable ways of identifying potential threat to security. The education should be from a junior level all through senior level. Through the education, knowledge would have been passed to the children and help them cope or how to know how to deal with security issues. The training could involve officers who are trained on how to teach in order to ensure that the knowledge on security issues is passed on effectively. It should be part of the educational curriculum so that children grow up knowing how to respond to any issue. Through the means, the whole approach of dealing with crime would entail not only the law enforcement agencies but also the people in society.

Additionally, community policing should entail informing the public over the importance of engaging each other. There are many benefits when it comes to working with the community for effective policing. It is important in building up the trust of the public in the law enforcement agencies. Trust is an important way of building a good rapport between the police departments and the citizens. It could be reflected through ease of reporting cases of crime in the event that they occur. Additionally, the members would be able to give out information to the public on potential threats to insecurity in a given area. Preventing a crime would be much easier than solving the incident after it has taken place. Future community policing methods should incorporate all of the measures that enhance good relations with the members. Such can be achieved by engaging in different community activities such as cleaning in a given area. It can involve taking part in areas such as sporting activities. Additionally, the police department can build trust with the community by holding open day activities.

Plans to improve on community development concerning policing should be based on improving the perception of the public over the police. In most instances, there have been instances where the police have been portrayed in bad light. They have been associated with brutal activities in the event that they apprehend criminals. It is imperative that the plan that is initiated is one that aims at changing the existing perception of the public over the police. The police department should be seen as one that is improves the lives of the citizens by assuring them of their safety. The sight of police officers should not be accompanied by fright, as it would prevent any measures aimed at providing security to the public.

To achieve effectiveness in the community development plan, there are key issues that need to be addressed. Officers who are recruited into serving in the police department must be up to the task in doing so. It is important to recruit the most qualified personnel who are in a better position to work in alignment to achieve the future aspirations of the police ten years from today. The individuals recruited into the police department should be endowed with the necessary knowledge and technical know-how on dealing with the police officers. Selection into the police service training should have a minimum qualification of college education. Previously, it has been a required that people who is picked for training at the level of high school. It is not effective enough considering that high school education is not sufficient to provide the officers with the knowledge and skills to perform the duties. The type of officers picked for the job need to be the right ones to fill in the positions left by retired or deceased officers. Concerning the challenges faced by the law enforcement agencies when it comes to fighting crime, it calls for the need to have police officers well braced to tackle the issues.

The community involvement in tackling of community affairs is important in ensuring that law and order is sustained. Police officers need to find a way of working in close relation with the community to ensure sustainability in the provision of policing services. Working with the community members would make it easier to deal with crime before it takes place. Additionally, it is important that the police involve the community as a measure of creating a good rapport between the law enforcement agencies. It is important that the officers take the initiative of engaging the community through different means so that they can work together to achieve the required results which is prevention of the occurrence of crime. In order to promote community involvement in the provision of police services, there are certain activities that both the police and the community members can take part to build a good relationship between them. Some of them include activities such as voluntary services at the community level. Both the police department and the community members can take part in an activity that is aimed at building cohesion between the two. The goal is to ensure that the community members are comfortable enough to work with the officers. Community development plan can be effective to since it allows the officers to acquire information about a particular issue before it takes place.

Also, community policing is vital since it would ensure that the members are able to provide credible information that would be used in preventing the occurrence of a particular crime. Studies have indicated that in cases where information is communicated to the police officers in good time, it makes it easier for the police department to mount appropriate measures to prevent the occurrence of the crime. Sometimes police officers may not be in a position to gather all the information they may need to stop a particular crime from taking place. Further, some of the people who execute certain crimes are those who live amongst the community members. By working closely with the community, it would be easier to access the information about the potential criminals and help in preventing the possible occurrence of a crime. It is vital that a public relations department is created within the police department to help in dealing with how the police would relate to the community with the aim of ensuring law and order is enhanced.

Educational qualification for individuals joining the police service would be based on minimum achievement at college level. College education prepares individuals to understand the changes that do take place in a given society (Armstrong, 2008). Additionally, it is important that the individuals be trained at college level for psychological preparedness. Contrary to minimum selection of officers that was based on selection on grounds of having graduated for high school, it is important to raise the qualifications. Individuals who graduate from college tend to be more mature and understand the changes that take place at a community level. After graduation from college, it would be expected that those who opt to join the police service are trained further. Training should be holistic to cover all the aspects of crime and related activities. Emphasis would be on ensuring that the recruits understand the constitution effectively. Incidences related to breach of constitutional laws have been reported among police officers. Future policing should be based on intensive training that places the officers at a better place to deal effectively with any form of criminal activity.

The recruits would be trained on both field activities and theoretical knowledge. Law enforcement agencies need to hire many police officers to bridge in the gap left by those who have retired, resigned or passed on to ensure continuity in service provision (Barr, 2002). The field training would capitalize on how to counter the potential criminals and prevent them. Training in class would be based on imparting soft skills amongst the police officers. It includes such areas ethical issues and dealing with technicalities while executing their duties. It is important that the officers train on the soft skills to put them at a better place to respond white-collar crimes. With the technological changes, it is vital that the officers be trained in matters that make them effectively responsive to any form of threat. Criminals are changing their ways, warranting the need by officers to do the same. It can only be achieved in when dealing with individuals who may have graduated from college education. The curriculum in college prepares them for soft skills.

Ethical training for the law enforcement agencies that would be most appropriate is on professionalism. Officers need to learn how to conduct themselves at the workplace. Additionally, it is important that they carry themselves in high regard when it comes to the manner in which they conduct their activities. Professional conduct entails such activities as adhering to the rules and regulation relating to their job specifications (Grant, 2002). Considering that they are dealing with fellow human beings, it is important that they are trained on how to respect them as they execute their duties. Training based on ethics should be implemented for the benefits that come with them. Ethics enables the officers to behave in a morally acceptable manner, and enables them distinguish between what is right and wrong. Also, training on ethics would put the officers in a better place when it comes to understanding how to make critical decisions related to the duties assigned them. There are instances when the officers need to decide whether they should apprehend the criminal or shoot them. In such a case, it is vital that the officers are well trained to know how to respond to the issue.

Additionally, training on ethics should be based on integrity. Officers need to understand how to carry themselves along while discharging their duties. It is a vital aspect of policing as it builds on trust with the general public. It is important that a particular officer portrays good mannerisms in the way they execute their duties. They should be respectful to fellow officers and the clients who come to seek services from them. It would enhance good relations between the officers and the rest of the community. Future police officers must be those who act beyond reproach to alleviate any doubts regarding their suitability to carry out their responsibilities.

Effective training within the police department is mandatory for proper service delivery. Officers who are in charge of the rest must be compassionate enough to lead the rest of the team to achieving the goals for which the officers are tasked. They should be leaders who go beyond executing the duties in official capacity to acting as close associates. Good leaders tend to find out about the welfare of the rest of their members. It encompasses such attributes as compassion when leading the rest of the police officers. To achieve effective leadership in the police department, it calls for training of officers to act as leaders they are (Schafer, 2008). The training could include workshops and seminars that provide an avenue where the officers are given an opportunity to explore their leadership skills. Leadership in the police force plays an important role in ensuring that police activities are carried out in a good manner. According to Michelson (2006), in Succession planning in police leadership, there is needed to have officers who have reputable character to help in carrying out police activities.

Police officers need to study about the future. It is a measure aimed at placing the officers in a better place to deal with the dynamic changes in criminal activities. In addition, study of the future helps the officers understand the most appropriate measures of responding to many issues in policing (Police Futurists International, 2002). It is an opportunity to build knowledge on the existing criminal activities and learn new methods of fighting crime. For example, community policing was not prevalent until recently when it was implemented. Fortunately, remarkable success has been witnessed with the issue of community policing. More strategic controls can be implemented against crime by having officers learn much about the future issues of policing.

In conclusion, it is important that law enforcement agencies play a significant role in the general stability of a community. They are responsibility for the upholding of the constitutional laws ensuring that they are not breached. The personnel picked by the agencies must be one that is up to task to effectively carry out the duties bestowed upon them. Future policing activities should be in alignment with the changes that do take place in society. The agencies need to ensure that the officers are well braced to adapt to any changes that take place in a society marred by criminal activities.

Technology Proposal

  Officer-worn cameras have become increasingly popular amongst law enforcement; agencies around the country have been reporting useful results (II, 2012, p. 937). It innate ability to capture live fed evidence is obviously beneficial. From the functionality of performance reviews to that of seized evidentiary value, motion picture speaks volume of captured characteristics. Body mounted cameras are intended on providing additional uncontroversial eyewitness testimonies for many interpretive reason. Visuals within the field of investigative work are crucial to determining course of action. Body mounted cameras are the future to law enforcements accountability and its evidentiary properties, without them, adjusting officer behaviors will become extremely difficult.

  Body mounted cameras provide visual testimonies; irrefutable images for law enforcement accountability and public safety. Perhaps the most obvious reasons the body cameras should be worn is to increase officer accountability while providing management with

irrefutable and unquestioning evidence, substantiating documented claims, and solidifying testimonial presentations. Documented recording can be utilized as judicial presentations, internal investigations, and/or substantiating or refuting potential civil suits (Klare, 2013, pp. 12-15). In addition to its criminal evidentiary value, officer worn cameras have the ability to provide officer accountability is inevitable.

  With the ever growing concerns of departmental lawsuits and claims of officer misconduct, body cameras will elevate any uncertainties within any claim. Choosing this technological method as a means on of incorporating within the department as futuristic tool will increase public and officer awareness. In addition to public safety, organizational cultural competence will be developed within the form of officer conduct conformity, public compliance, as well as management scrutiny of officer performance. This will extend the visual that is stationary within patrol vehicles. Although vital for its meaningful visual renderings, officer behavior captured during highly stressful events may be utilized in changing the public’s perceptions.

  A viable law enforcement organization that intended on obtaining community support must employee ethical and accountable officer behaviors. Body mounted cameras will increase the integrity of law enforcement practices while developing responsible actions and fostering productive behaviors. Communications is vital for law enforcement and includes collecting evidence that is written/spoken, plainly observable, as well as visuals, each speaking a message in a different language. Lastly, increasing the public perception of law enforcement starts with internal corrective behaviors. Standards and practices must be protected, yet, without visually seeing what transpires during these events, law enforcement practitioners would be oblivious to what needs need to be address. Although useful for its criminal and political functions, visuals are hard to dispute.

  Law enforcement within the United States are held with high standards and with due regard, however, human behaviors and cultural indifferences have generated publicly perceived misconnects. Through the enhancement of body mounted cameras, law enforcement can alter the public’s perception with factual documentation that would counter any potentially misleading claim. Additionally, officer worn cameras provide the judicial system with tolls of accountability, substantiates claims, and/or uncovers fallacies of law enforcement behaviors, increasing integrity throughout the criminal justice system (NIJ, 2014). It is pivotal that law enforcement practice in an ethical and responsible manner, and, body mounted cameras are just the way make sure our officers are conducting themselves accordingly. Ethics plays a significant role in the execution of duties assigned to a particular officer. In the course of discharging a particular job given, the officers need to be well equipped with the necessary knowledge about dealing with controversial issues that may occur at the work place. For instance, an officer may be required to make a decision about a particular issue. The guidelines followed in making the decision would be based on the ethical training that one may be possessing. Based on the different principles of ethics, a number of issues are often discussed that help them gain knowledge of how to deal with a particular issue.

Law enforcement agencies have a duty to ensure that the activities they carry out are done in the most professional manner. Training on better methods of preventing crime and other related activities is vital in giving the officers the necessary expertise on how to tackle crime. It calls for the need to offer effective training opportunities both in the theoretical knowledge and the practical skills of dealing with crime. It is important that the two be integrated to ensure that the officers who graduate from the training academies are well equipped to handle any issue that may arise in the event of an attack. It begs the question on the nature of officers trained at the police. The minimum qualifications for joining the police service should be raised to ensure that the officers who are selected are those who are up to the task in tackling crime. Criminals have become dynamic in the manner in which they carry out their crimes, for the same reason, it is necessary to have in place officers who adapt to the changes in the manner in which crime is carried. Emphasis should be put on ensuring that the officers are always in a position to face any nature of crime. Response to crime should not only be focused on countering an ensuing attack but also in learning how to prevent the attack from occurring before it happens. It is mandatory that it becomes a priority for any law enforcement agency to be prepared to respond to any criminal activity at the preliminary stages and stop the attack from taking place. It would serve a long way in protecting many lives since the criminal activities have been stopped before they take place. Additionally, the officers have a duty to uphold the constitution as they carry out their activities. In doing so, the officers would promote effectiveness in the course of working.


Law enforcement agencies have a duty to ensure maximum protection of civilians from any form of attack. Working with other relevant stakeholders, it is vital that the officers act in a manner that is likely to sustain law and order. There are key issues to be considered when executing the functions of policing. Professionalism is important as the they discharge their duties. An officer who apprehends a particular criminal must ensure they follow due process in making sure that they are brought to book. Technology is the other factor that is significant in policing. The law enforcement agencies must ensure that they take advantage of the technological advancements being witnessed in the recent times. Fortunately, the same has been observed with the introduction of cameras and other gadgets that facilitate the execution of police duties. Law enforcement officers must always ensure that their community development plans are up to date and functional. Law enforcement agencies have the mandate of promoting safety amongst the citizens of a given country, and to achieve the same it is important to provide the necessary equipment and facilities to them.


  Barr, S. (2002, Feb 13). New drill in law enforcement: Ready, aim, hire! The Washington

  Post. Retrieved from


Grant, J. K. (2002). Ethics and law enforcement. FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, 71(12),

  11-14. Retrieved from


II, R. E. (2012, January 1st). The Future of Seizure Analysis: : Challenges to Terry for the Twenty First Century. Ebsco Host, p. 937.

Klare, J. (2013, October 1st). Information Tech. Ebsco Host, pp. 12-15.

Michelson, R. (2006). Succession planning for police leadership. The Police Chief, 73(6),

  16-22. Retrieved from


NIJ. (2014, June 18th). The Measurement of Police Integrity. Retrieved from Nationa Institute of Justice: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/181465.pdf

O, E. P., & Armstrong, D. A. (2001). Higher education and law enforcement career paths:

  Is the road to success paved by degree? Journal of Criminal Justice Education,

  12(1), 77-99. Retrieved from


Police Futurists International. (2002). Police futurists. Retrieved  from


Schafer, J. A. (2008). Effective police leadership: Experiences and perspectives of law

  enforcement leaders. FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, 77(7), 13-19. Retrieved from


Singhapakdi, A., Kraft, K. L., Vitell, S., J., & Rallapalli, K. C. (1995). The perceived importance

  of ethics and social responsibility on organizational effectiveness: A survey of marketers.

  Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 23(1), 49-56.

Peak, K. J. (2012). Policing America: Challenges and Best Practices. Vitalsource eBook for Ashford University, 7th Edition. Pearson Learning Solutions.

writing need help please

For your final capstone project you will create a professional electronic portfolio that can be used to help with future job obtainment or promotions. You are encouraged to draw upon research and assignments from previous Law Enforcement Administration courses to create your e-portfolio. Using Microsoft Word, you will include all of the following components in this electronic portfolio:

  • Cover page
  • Table of contents
  • Cover letter and resume for a potential job or promotion (two to three pages)
    If you do not have a specific job in mind, you may use your hometown as your place of employment.  
  • Code of Conduct and Effective Leadership (one to two pages)
    In LEA316: Ethics in Law Enforcement, you wrote a final paper analyzing ethical theories and your moral beliefs.  Drawing upon your research for this paper and the topics covered in this capstone, write a code of conduct that you think every police officer should follow. Then, explain how this code of conduct promotes good leadership and integrity in law enforcement officers.
  • Community Development Plan  (six to eight pages)
    You are the leader of your agency’s planning and research division and have been asked to present a critical analysis of policing as it will appear ten years into the future. Write a report based on peer-reviewed research. Refer to the Community Development Plan Instructions for the required components of this portion of your e-portfolio.
  • Technology Proposal (one to two pages)
    Identify three types of technology that will be useful for your hometown agency to adopt in the future in order to maintain an effective law enforcement agency. Please use research to explain.
  • Reference page

Cover page

·  Table of contents

·  Cover letter


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