- In “B only if A,”
- (a) A provides a necessary condition for B.
- (b) B provides a sufficient condition for A.
- (c) A provides a sufficient condition for B.
- (d) A provides both a necessary and sufficient condition for B. (e) a and b
- Suppose that person O and person P both belong to the same culture. Suppose that O thinks that
homosexuality is morally impermissible whereas B says that homosexuality is morally permissible. According to cultural ethical relativism, the way to decide who wins the disagreement between A and B is simply to conduct a poll: if the majority of people in that culture agree with O, then O is right.—T or F?
19. Ethical Nihilism is the view that most ethical statements are difficult to prove or disprove.—T or F?
20. Cultural ethical relativism is the descriptive doctrine that customs vary from society to society.—T or F?
21. Should members of my culture impose its values on another culture? How will a consistent cultural ethical relativist answer this question?
(a) It is wrong for my culture to impose its own value on other cultures.
(b) It is wrong for my culture to impose its own values on other cultures even when those other cultures value committing atrocities.
(c) It is permissible for my culture to impose its own values on other cultures so long as those other cultures value committing atrocities.
(d) It is permissible for my culture to impose its own values on other cultures so long as it is done without military force.
(e) It is permissible for my culture to impose its own values on other cultures so long as my culture says that it is permissible.
22. Which form ethical relativism says that the following statement is false: “considered independent from anyone’s say-so, the actions of necrophiliac serial killer Ed Kemper are neither morally wrong nor morally right.”
- (a) Personal ethical relativism but not cultural ethical relativism and divine command theory
- (b) Cultural ethical relativism and divine command theory, but not personal ethical relativism
- (c) All the forms of ethical relativism
- (d) None of the forms of ethical relativism
- (e) None of the above
- Ethical relativism agrees with ethical realism that there are ethical truths—T or F?
- What is a common ethical-egoist reason why it is typically bad to harm others?