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Early American History

Fall 2014

Final Exam


1. Please put away all your personal belongings, including cell phones.

2. Be sure to use a number two pencil to fill out your scantron. Make sure the

bubbles are clearly marked and that only one bubble is marked for each question.

Questions that have two bubbles selected will be marked wrong.

3. Be sure to mark your answers on the exam itself by circling the letter of the

appropriate response (a,b,c,d). Check your answers on the exam and scantron to

make sure they match.

4. Make sure your NAME is on BOTH the SCANTRON and EXAM

5. If you have any questions, please raise your hand.

6. You may leave once you have finished the exam, but please exit quietly out of

respect for your peers. Leave both your scantron and exam on front table.

Thank you for a great semester, and good luck!

MULTIPLE CHOICE: Read carefully and CHOOSE THE BEST ANSWER (25 points)

1. Hamilton’s debt assumption program meant that

a. The state governments would have to pay off their debts at face value

b. The federal government would pay off all the states’ debt at market value

c. The state governments would have to pay off their debts at market value

d. The federal government would pay off all the states’ debt at face value

2. Hamilton’s funded debt program meant that

a. The federal government would pay off all debt

b. The federal government would make regular payments on the debt but not

pay it off immediately

c. The federal government would cancel all debts to increase available funds

d. The federal government would take out new loans to pay off old debts

3. Hamilton’s tariff program was first and foremost aimed at

a. Protecting American manufacturers

b. Raising revenue

c. Weakening the power of southern slave states

d. Strengthening state governments 4. Hamilton argued that the BUS was constitutional under

a. The Necessary and Proper Clause

b. The Supremacy Clause

c. The Interstate Commerce Clause

d. Judicial Review

5. The Jay Treaty

a. Strengthened the Federalist party

b. Undermined the Federalist party

c. Allied the US with the French

d. Allied the US with the British in war against the French

6. The power of “judicial review” established

a. The President’s authority to appoint and remove members of the federal


b. A court’s authority to examine an executive or legislative act and to

invalidate that act if it is contrary to constitutional principle

c. Congress’ authority to review decisions made by the Supreme Court

d. The states’ authority to review decisions made by the federal judiciary

7. The most controversial aspect of the Embargo of 1807 was that it

a. Banned trade with Britain

b. Banned trade with France

c. Banned Americans from engaging in any overseas foreign trade

d. Banned trade with the West Indies

8. The Treaty of San Ildefonso threatened the US because

a. It brought Britain and Spain into an alliance against the United States

b. It retroceded Spanish Louisiana to the French

c. It ended Americans’ right to “neutral shipping” on the Atlantic

d. It brought the British and Indians of the Old Northwest into alliance

9. The Louisiana Purchase challenged Jefferson because

a. The cost was exorbitant

b. The Constitution did not specifically state the authority to incorporate

foreign territory

c. It raised issues about how to incorporate the vast Native American

population peacefully

d. It presented potential future border disputes with Spain

10. The Treaty of Ghent that ended the War of 1812

a. Resulted in no transfer of territory b. Brought an end to the practice of “impressment”

c. Brought an end to the Napoleonic Wars between France and Britain

d. Brought an end to the Embargo Act that banned trade with France

11. The Factory System

a. Was proposed by Hamilton as model for industrial development

b. Was proposed by Madison as a means for protecting American


c. Was introduced by Jefferson as the first systematic form of Indian


d. Was introduced by Jackson to forcibly remove Indians from their land

12. Nativist advocated

a. Separation from white society but continued use of its technology

b. Farming as means of subsistence due to the loss of hunting grounds

c. Separation from whitey society and abandoning its technology and

cultural ways

d. Farming as a means for assimilating into white society on an equal basis

13. Tecumseh’s ideology of pan-Indianism went further than any of its predecessors

in its claim that

a. Indians shared a common identity and interests

b. Indians should unite to fight Euro-American expansion

c. Indian lands belonged to all Indians in common

d. Indians’ spiritual power made them invincible to bullets

14. The Rush-Bagot Treaty was significant in that

a. It was one of the first arms treaties in the modern history

b. It established the border between the US and Canada

c. It gave recognition to the US’ claim to West Florida

d. It brought about an end to the practice of impressment

15. The Convention of 1818 established

a. The border between Canada and the US at the 49th Parallel

b. Britain’s exclusive claim to the Grand Banks

c. The US’ claim to West Florida

d. Arms limitations on the Great Lakes

16. The American System was

a. A constitutional system of checks and balances on the separate branches of


b. A government-promoted program of national economic development and

diversification c. A system of compromises for containing the explosive issue of slavery

d. A judicial review system allowing courts to declare legislative acts


17. The Monroe Doctrine (read carefully, think through fully)

a. Reflected an attitude that Anglo-American civilization was superior to

other continental civilizations and thus destined to displace them

b. Stated that the US would oppose any attempt by European powers to

recolonize the Latin American republics

c. Maintained that the constitution gave the federal government no authority

to maintain protective tariffs or establish a national bank

d. Maintained that only tariffs for revenue were constitutional, not tariffs for

protection of manufacturing and special interests

18. Adams rejected the idea of a joint resolution with Britain on the Latin American

revolutions because

a. He did not trust the British to obey the resolution

b. He did not want to anger the Spanish

c. He did not want to be drawn into conflict with Russia

d. He wanted the US to chart its own course and assert its status as a global

power player

19. The main issue that brought about the Crisis and Compromise of 1820 was

a. Admission of Missouri as a slave state into the Union

b. Admission of Maine as a free state into the Union

c. Creation of Kansas-Nebraska as slave territories

d. Creation of Utah-New Mexico as slave territories

20. The Republican Party was weakened in the early 1820’s due to

a. The incorporation of the old Federalists into the party and a resulting loss

of its core identity

b. Triumph of the Federalist’s American System

c. Jackson’s veto of the Second Bank of the United States charter

d. The party’s leader, John Quincy Adam’s, leaving the party to join the


21. Martin Van Buren felt that political parties

a. Were symptom’s of disease in republican society

b. Were beneficial because they healed political divisions

c. Inhibited sectionalism and promoted national unity

d. Led to dangerous concentrations of power

22. Who said the following: “The Bank is trying to kill me, but I will kill it!” a. Jefferson

b. Hamilton

c. Jackson

d. Madison

23. Calhoun’s constitutional theory of nullification claimed that

a. Sovereignty resides in the people not the states

b. Only tariffs on manufacturing exports were illegal

c. Sovereignty resides in the states not the people

d. Only tariffs on agricultural exports were illegal

24. As an advocate of limited-government and state’s rights, Jackson supported

nullification on principle, even though he did not like the consequences

a. True

b. False

25. Jackson’s presidential campaigns were the first in US history

a. To attack the character of another presidential candidate

b. To be decided in the House of Representatives

c. To appeal to the common man

d. To use newspapers to gain support

Answer ONE of the following essay questions:

1. Discuss the Compromise of 1820. Your answer should include a discussion of the

issues that led to the Crisis of 1820, the key components of the Compromise that

resolved the Crisis, and the significance of the Compromise for the future history

of the nation, in order to receive full credit.

2. Discuss Jackson and the Bank War. Your answer should include a discussion of

the functions of the Bank, Jackson’s criticisms of the Bank, events that heightened

the conflict between the Bank and Jackson, and how the Bank War came to an

end, in order to receive full credit 


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