3-1 Discussion: Effectiveness of Treatment

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Rubric and responses attached.

In your initial post, discuss the following as it relates to the batterer programs described in the readings:

  • How did the programs differ in their effectiveness? Describe the varying treatments.
  • How could the batterer programs and specific treatments be improved?
  • How will the aftercare plans built into the programs help offenders once treatment is complete?

Provide specific examples for each question above.

In your response posts to your peers, discuss whether you agree or disagree with their analysis, and identify how your opinions were similar or differed on the improvements you would make to a program. Explain.

Domestic violence batterer programs began as a way to keep batterers out of prison and get them the treatment that they needed to potentially stay with their victims. Victims often want help for their perpetrators and do not want them to go to prison. During the early 1980s, domestic violence batterer programs assisted batterers through psychoeducation. These early programs were often court-ordered for the men and women involved in the case.

Programs like the Duluth Model helped male batterers and taught them to understand their patterns of control and abuse. “The cycle of violence” concept came out of the Duluth Model. The purpose of models such as the Duluth Model was to get men to see the abusive patterns in their behaviors and get them to change those patterns (Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, 2011). More recent models have begun to recognize that women may be the batterers in relationships. “The Power and Control Wheel” is probably the most well-known aspect of these types of batterer treatment (see Figure 3.1 below). It is well known and frequently used and has many different variations today.

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Figure 3.1: Power and Control Wheel (Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, 2011)

Other programs for batterers include a cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) approach to treatment. These programs focus on distorted thoughts that may lead to the battering behaviors, and they work to fix those thoughts and teach skills to change the behaviors. This approach often includes anger management.

Another type of batterer programming combines psychoeducation and CBT. This approach also looks at the individual’s needs to ensure he or she is getting the best treatment possible. The focus is usually on the history of batterers, as they tend to have a history of being abused as children or witnessing violence in their homes. Couples therapy is also growing in the field, but it is controversial and will be discussed in the next module.

Historically, men were thought to be the batterers, and the research continues to demonstrate that they are the primary batterers. It was often the case that when the police were called in a domestic dispute, the man would be the only one arrested even if he exhibited signs of being battered. Now, it is common for the man and woman to be arrested, or sometimes just the woman. In recent years, more attention is being spent on female batterers and their treatment. There are now specific programs for females who batter; however, they usually focus more on women as victims rather than batterers. Batterer intervention programs are still fairly new and expanding. Programs like the Duluth Model have been around for quite a while, but there are always improvements to be made. In Module Four, we will look at treatment for victims of domestic violence and discuss couples therapy. Treatment within the LQBTQQ population will also be addressed in the next module.


Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs. (2011). Homepage. Retrieved from http://www.theduluthmodel.org

Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs. (2011). Power and control wheel [Online image]. Retrieved from http://www.theduluthmodel.org/pdf/PowerandControl….

Learning Objectives

  • Synthesize the effectiveness of batterer treatment programs
  • Examine aftercare plans in batterer treatment programs
  • Evaluate common psychological concerns for offenders and trauma victims
  • Assess common psychological treatments for offenders and trauma victims

Reading and Resources

Website: The Duluth Model
This website provides information on Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs (DAIP) and the Duluth Model.
This website supports task 3-1.

Library Article: Reducing Domestic Violence and Other Criminal Recidivism: Effectiveness of a Multilevel Batterers Intervention Program
This article examines if a multi-level treatment system lowers the risk for recidivism with intimate partner violence and other crimes.
This articles supports task 3-1.

Library Article: Standards for Batterer Treatment Programs: How Can Research Inform Our Decisions?
This article reflects on treatment standards for batterer programs and how they can evolve and improve standards.
This articles supports task 3-1.

Library Article: Evaluating Predictors of Program Attrition Among Women Mandated Into Batterer Intervention Treatment
This article examines the differences between women who complete and do not complete batterer programming.
This articles supports task 3-1.

Library Article: Treating Female Perpetrators: State Standards for Batterer Intervention Services
This article focuses on policies that states have for female batterers. The article looks to see if there is accounting for the different needs of women who are referred to batterer programs.
This articles supports task 3-1.


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