2013S_PSY300_VE_Abnormal Psychology Week 12 Quiz

Question 1

 

“I am the greatest!” a famous boxer declared loudly and often. Had he in fact acted throughout his adult life as though he were the greatest, the most appropriate personality disorder diagnosis would be:

Answer   A. histrionic.

B. antisocial.

C. narcissistic.

D. impulse-control.

.1 points

Question 2

 

“That’s it!” says your friend, the psychotherapist. “I can’t work with that client. As soon as I show any empathy at all, it becomes almost impossible to challenge the client, and the client keeps calling me at all hours of the day.” Most likely, this is a client with:

Answer   A. antisocial personality disorder.

B. obsessive-compulsive personality disorder.

C. borderline personality disorder.

D. schizotypal personality disorder.

.1 points

Question 3

 

A client is initially very resistant to therapy, cannot acknowledge weaknesses, and ignores feedback. Most likely, the client is experiencing:

Answer   A. narcissistic personality disorder, and will make a great deal of progress in therapy.

B. schizoid personality disorder, and will not make much progress in therapy.

C. schizoid personality disorder, and will make a great deal of progress in therapy.

D. narcissistic personality disorder, and will not make much progress in therapy.

.1 points

Question 4

 

An individual diagnosed with schizoid personality disorder reports having a great deal of difficulty figuring out how others feel, and as a child had difficulty developing adequate language skills. These findings would make the most sense to a theorist with which background?

Answer   A. cognitive

B. sociocultural

C. biological

D. psychodynamic

.1 points

Question 5

 

According to DSM-IV-TR, a personality disorder must “deviate markedly from the expectations of a person’s culture.” This implies that different cultures may not see some behaviors as symptoms of personality disorders. What does the research in this area show?

Answer   A. A great deal of research has been done, and almost all the research shows differing cultural expectations.

B. A great deal of research has been done, and some research shows differing cultural expectations.

C. There has been little research done, and so far none of the research shows differing cultural expectations.

D. There has been little research done, but some research shows differing cultural expectations.

.1 points

Question 6

 

A high school student asks a guidance counselor, parents, and friends for suggestions before deciding on a college to attend, and on an academic major. This student’s behavior is:

Answer   A. normal for those in high school.

B. reflective of an anxiety disorder, not of dependent personality disorder.

C. typical of those who will develop dependent personality disorder.

D. typical of those with dependent personality disorder.

.1 points

Question 7

 

Group therapy is particularly useful in the treatment of avoidant personality disorder primarily because group therapy:

Answer   A. involves an eclectic combination of theoretical approaches.

B. allows those in the group to see that others have avoidant personality disorder, too.

C. requires attendance at therapy sessions.

D. provides practice in social interactions.

.1 points

Question 8

 

Digressive and vague language with loose associations accompanied by attention and concentration problems are characteristic of:

Answer   A. schizoid personality disorder.

B. paranoid personality disorder.

C. avoidant personality disorder.

D. schizotypal personality disorder.

.1 points

Question 9

 

Behavioral and cognitive theorists propose that people who develop narcissistic personality disorder may have been treated:

Answer   A. too positively in early life.

B. too negatively in early life.

C. either too positively or too negatively in early life.

D. ambiguously and neglectfully in early life.

.1 points

Question 10

 

An individual with a diagnosed personality disorder is jealous and sensitive, as well as extremely self-critical. This person’s diagnosis is likely to be which of the following personality disorders?

Answer   A. histrionic

B. antisocial

C. borderline

D. narcissistic

.1 points

Question 11

 

The consistencies of one’s personality are called:

Answer   A. inherited characteristics.

B. learned responses.

C. personality traits.

D. personality typologies.

.1 points

Question 12

 

Sarah respects none of society’s boundaries and is insensitive to other people, frequently violating their rights. She does not consider the consequences of her actions. She experiences:

Answer   A. histrionic personality disorder.

B. schizotypal personality disorder.

C. antisocial personality disorder.

D. schizoid personality disorder.

.1 points

Question 13

 

In the United States, most teenagers have cell phones and text. Which of the following MOST accurately describes adult usage?

Answer   A. Most have cell phones, and most of them text.

B. Most do not have cell phones, so most do not text.

C. Most have cell phones, but most of them do not text.

D. About half have cell phones, but most of them do not text.

.1 points

Question 14

 

When Selina sees a report of a train wreck on television, she thinks that it is a sign that she should not take the train to work the next day. She takes the bus instead. If she has a diagnosable personality disorder, it is most likely:

Answer   A. schizoid personality disorder.

B. schizotypal personality disorder.

C. paranoid personality disorder.

D. avoidant personality disorder.

.1 points

Question 15

 

The type of therapy that generally provides the least help for those with schizoid personality disorder is:

Answer   A. behavioral.

B. cognitive.

C. drug.

D. None of the other alternatives provide help for those with schizoid personality disorder.

.1 points

Question 16

 

The personality disorders that generally are most responsive to psychotherapy are:

Answer   A. “anxious”

B. “dramatic”

C. “odd”

D. All of these alternatives are about equally responsive to psychotherapy.

.1 points

Question 17

 

The enduring pattern of inner experiences and outward behavior that is unique to each individual is termed:

Answer   A. character.

B. individuality.

C. personality.

D. a trait.

.1 points

Question 18

 

You might suspect an “era of narcissism” is approaching for a country when:

Answer   A. the sale of “inspirational” DVDs, books, and tapes suddenly increases.

B. there is increasing emphasis on self-expression and competitiveness.

C. preferences in women’s and men’s clothing undergo substantial shifts.

D. there is a decline in materialism and individualism.

.1 points

Question 19

 

Which of the following statements is most accurate regarding antisocial personality disorder?

Answer   A. Most who have it are not treated, but most who are treated are helped substantially.

B. Most who have it are treated, but most who are treated are not helped much.

C. Most who have it are treated, and most who are treated are helped substantially.

D. Most who have it are not treated, and most who are treated are not helped much.

.1 points

Question 20

 

Which category of personality disorder contains the disorders MOST commonly diagnosed?

Answer   A. “anxious”

B. There are no clear differences among the categories in terms of frequency of diagnosis.

C. “dramatic”

D. “odd”

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